And Clemency Recipients – 22 CAN-DO members have received clemency – see list below:
- Although the rate of incarceration for women continues to be far lower than the rate for men (58 of 100,000 women versus 896 of 100,000 men), the number of women imprisoned in the United States since 1980 has increased at a rate nearly double the rate for men
- Women are arrested and incarcerated primarily for property and drug offenses, with drug offenses representing the largest source of the increase (36%) in the number of women prisoners in 1998.
- 60% of women in state prison have a history of drug dependence.
- During incarceration only 1 in 5 women in state prisons with a history of substance abuse and 1 in 8 women in federal prisons receives treatment for substance abuse.
- 93 out of every 100,000 white women are incarcerated.
- 380 of 100,000 are African American
- 147 of 100,000 are Hispanic
- 32.6% of female prisoners are African American but only 12.8% of the general population
- Sexual abuse – Forty-four percent of women under correctional authority [including 57% of the women in State prisons], reported that they were physically or sexually assaulted at some time during their lives. Sixty-nine percent of women reporting an assault said that it had occurred before age 18.
- Children of Incarcerated Women More than 70 percent of women in prison have children. Even before a mother’s arrest and separation from the family unit, many children will have experienced emotional hardship associated with parental substance abuse and economic instability. While she is incarcerated they suffer additional trauma, anxiety, guilt, shame and fear.
- Drug offenders comprised 16% (210,200 inmates) of the total state prison population in 2012. Twenty-five percent of female prisoners were serving time for drug offenses, compared to 15% of male prisoners.
- There are 1.2 million women under the supervision of the criminal justice system.
- More than a third (35%) of all drug offenders in federal prison at sentencing, had either no or minimal criminal history— lowest criminal history category. That % is higher among female drug offenders.
- The most serious offense for 59.4% of women in federal prisons and 25.1% of women in state prisons is violation of drug laws.
- (Children with Parents in Prison) “Since 1991, the number of children with a mother in prison has more than doubled, up 131%. The number of children with a father in prison has grown by 77%. This finding reflects a faster rate of growth in the number of mothers held in state and federal prisons (up 122%), compared to the number of fathers (up 76%) between 1991 and midyear 2007.”
- Combining the number of people in prison and jail with those under parole or probation supervision, 1 in every 31 adults is under some form of correctional control
The list of women who have received clemency to date include names in red are CAN-DO members, who received assistance from CAN-DO.
1. Jasmine Allen 05/05/2016 Middle Florida Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine
2. Sandra Avery 12/18/2015 Middle Florida Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 50 grams of cocaine
3. Shauna Barry 07/13/2015 Northern Ohio Possession with intent to distribute cocaine base
4. Pauline Blake 08/03/2016 Utah Conspiracy or attempt to manufacture methamphetamine, establishment of manufacture operation
5. Deborah Blue 08/03/2016 Eastern Tennessee Distribution of cocaine, possession with the intent to distribute, supervised release violation
6. Ramona Brant 12/18/2015 Western North Carolina Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine
7. Carmel Bretous 03/30/2016 Southern Florida Conspiracy to import at least five kilograms cocaine, importation of five kilograms of cocaine
8. Debra Brown 08/03/2016 Middle Tennessee Distribution of 50 grams or more of cocaine to a person under 21
9. Theresa Brown 03/31/2015 Southern Florida Conspiracy to distribute crack cocaine
10.Carlolyn Butler 12/18/2015 Western Texas Armed bank robbery, using a firearm during a crime of violence
11.Annette Canania 08/03/2016 Eastern Missouri Conspiracy to possess pseudoephedrine knowing it would be used to manufacture methamphetamine,
12.Donyelle Childs 08/03/2016 Middle Florida Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine, felon in possession of a firearm
13.Aundra Coats 05/05/2016 Northern Ohio Distribution of cocaine
14.Dianne Denmar 12/18/2015 Northern Georgia Conspiracy to distribute in excess of 100 grams of methamphetamine,
15.Stephanie George 12/19/2013 Northern Florida Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine
16.Helen Gray 12/19/2013 Middle Georgia Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine base. Possession of a firearm by a felon
17.Teresa Griffin 06/03/2016 Western Oklahoma Conspiracy to possess cocaine with intent to distribute cocaine
18.Donella Harriel 08/03/2016 South Carolina Conspiracy to possess with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine.
19.Lisa Harris 12/18/2015 Middle Florida Possession with intent to distribute fifty or more grams of cocaine
20.Carla Holte 05/05/2016 Middle Florida Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more cocaine,
21.Gloria James 12/18/2015 Southern Iowa Conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine
22.Angie Jenkins 12/18/2015 Oregon Conspiracy to manufacture methamphetamine
23.Eugenia Jennings 11/21/2011 Southern Illinois Distribution of cocaine
24.Cathy Jones 12/17/2014 Eastern Virginia Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine and heroin
25.Sharanda Jones 12/18/2015 Northern Texas Conspiracy to distribute cocaine
26.TommaJean Kent 05/05/2016 Southern Iowa Conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine
27.Angela LaPlatney 03/30/2016 Wyoming Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute methamphetamine, concealing a person from arrest
28.Reba McIntyre 08/03/2016 Eastern Missouri Possession with intent to distribute five or more grams of cocaine
29.Torey McKay 08/03/2016 Middle Florida Possession with intent to distribute five or more grams of cocaine
30.Danielle Metz 08/30/2016 Southern Louisiana Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine, criminal enterprise,
31.Michelle Miles 05/05/2016 Eastern New York Conspiracy to distribute heroin and cocaine
32.Lucille Morse 08/03/2016 Montana Distribution/possession with the intent to distribute heroin
33.Kenyatta O’Neil 08/03/2016 Western Texas Distribution of cocaine
34.Lynette Owens 12/18/2015 Middle Florida Possession with intent to distribute 5 or more grams of cocaine base
35.Cintheia Parra 05/05/2016 Northern Mississippi Possess with intent to distribute in excess of 500 grams of methamphetamine
36.Raenna Paxton 08/30/2016 Southern Iowa Conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine
37.Tracy Petty 03/31/2015 Western North Carolina Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine
38.LaLanda Price 12/18/2015 Northern Florida Conspiracy to distribute and to possess with intent to distribute more than 50 grams of cocaine
39.Sharon Price 08/03/2016 Western Texas Conspiracy to commit money laundering
40.Jennifer Regenos 12/17/2014 Southern Iowa Conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine
41.Melissa Ross 03/30/2016 Middle Florida Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 5 kilograms or more of cocaine
42.Angel Sanchez 12/18/2015 Eastern Pennsylvania Possession with the intent to deliver 5 or more grams of cocaine
43.Barbra Scrivner 12/17/2014 Oregon Conspiracy to manufacture methamphetamine
44.Robin Shoulders 03/30/2016 Western Kentucky Possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine
45.Katina Smith 07/13/2015 Middle Georgia Conspiracy to distribute cocaine
46.Noriel Snider 08/03/2016 Eastern Missouri Possession with intent to distribute cocaine
47.Billie Taylor 12/18/2015 Eastern Texas Conspiracy to manufacture methamphetamine
48.Minnie Thomas 08/03/2016 Middle Georgia Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine
49.Graciella Urbina 05/05/2016 Southern Florida/Southern NY Conspiracy to import cocaine, conspiracy to possess with the intent to distribute narcotics
50.Gracie Walker 08/30/2016 Northern Texas Conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance
51.Telisha Watkins 07/13/2015 Western North Carolina Conspiracy to distribute cocaine
52.Kimberly Westmoreland 07/13/2015 Southern Ohio Conspiracy to distribute in excess of 50 grams of cocaine, carrying a firearm in relation to drug trafficking
53.Monica White 12/18/2015 Southern Iowa Conspiracy to distribute cocaine
54.Shermaine Whitley 03/30/2016 South Carolina Conspiracy to posses with intent to distribute cocaine
55.Patricia Widener 08/03/2016 Western Viginia Conspiracy to manufacture 500 grams or more of methamphetamine
56.Karen Witherspoon 08/03/2016 Western North Carolina Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine